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Kidney Neoplasm: Symptoms, Treatment, and Prognosis

Kidney neoplasm means a new or abnormal growth of tissue in the kidney in other words it is a kidney tumor.

Kidney neoplasm means a new or abnormal growth of tissue in the kidney in other words it is a kidney tumor. Tumors can be both benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Benign growths stay in one place and don’t spread, while malignant growths can spread to other parts of the body.

Kidney Neoplasm Symptoms

In the early stages, kidney neoplasms may not show clear signs. But as the tumor grows or spreads, symptoms may appear. It’s important to watch out for:

  • Blood in the urine (hematuria)
  • Pain in the lower back or side
  • Abdominal pain or swelling
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Feeling tired or weak
  • Fever and night sweats
  • Anemia

kidney neoplasm treatment

Treatment options for kidney neoplasms typically include surgical approaches and non-surgical treatments.

Surgical Approaches

There are different ways to do surgery for kidney issues:

  1. Radical Nephrectomy: Doctors take out the whole affected kidney, nearby tissues, and lymph nodes.
  2. Partial Nephrectomy: Doctors remove only the tumors from the kidney and keep the healthy part.
  3. Laparoscopic Surgery: It’s a procedure done in the belly or pelvis. Doctors make small cuts (usually 0.5-1.5 cm) and use a camera to do the operation.
  4. Radiofrequency Ablation: Doctors use high-frequency radio waves to heat up and destroy cancer cells in the kidney.
  5. Cryoablation: This method uses extreme cold to freeze and get rid of cancer cells.

Non-Surgical Treatments

  1. Targeted Therapy: Drugs like cabozantinib, Lenvaxen, and axitinib are used to target and stop the growth of cancer cells.
  2. Immunotherapy: This helps boost the body’s immune system to fight and destroy cancer cells.
  3. Radiation Therapy: High-energy beams are used to destroy cancer cells or make tumors smaller.
  4. Chemotherapy: While not the first choice for kidney neoplasms, it’s still considered as a treatment option.

kidney Neoplasm Prognosis

Finding the problem early and treating it well can improve the outlook. It depends on things like the stage of the tumor, the patient’s overall health, and the treatment used. Following the doctor’s advice and sticking to a healthy routine can also help patients get better.

kidney Neoplasm icd 10

ICD-10 is a system that gives specific codes to different medical conditions. For kidney neoplasms, it’s categorized as C64.1 for the left kidney, C64.2 for the right kidney, and C64.9 for the unspecified kidney when it’s malignant.

Besides kidney neoplasms, there are other kidney-related conditions worth exploring. Let’s take a closer look at some of them:

Exophytic Mass on Kidney

An exophytic renal mass refers to a growth of tumor. Here, tumor originates from the kidney and spread to outward.

Doctors can find these masses using medical imaging like CT scans or MRI. They check them to figure out what they are, how big they are, and if they affect nearby structures.

Hyperechoic Mass in The Kidney

A hyperechoic mass in the kidney looks brighter on ultrasound compared to the nearby kidney tissue. This heightened echogenicity often suggests increased reflection or scattering of the ultrasound waves within the mass. Hypoechoic renal lesion can result from various causes, including cysts, benign tumors, or, in some cases, malignancies.

Bilateral Renal Cell Carcinoma

Bilateral renal cell carcinoma refers to the presence of cancer in both kidneys simultaneously. Where cancerous tissues are found on both kidneys. This cancer makes a unique set of problems for doctor to treat and manage. For this reason patients may face other kidney problems.

Bosniak Type 3 Cyst

Bosniak Type 3 cysts are complex cystic masses in the kidneys. These cysts have a higher risk of being cancerous compared to simpler cysts. As a result, doctors might suggest keeping an eye on it or opting for surgery, depending on how the cyst looks.

Dromedary Hump Kidney Symptoms

A dromedary hump kidney is a condition you’re born with. It means one kidney has a noticeable wedge-shaped bulge on its side. Most people with this condition don’t have any symptoms.

Interesting Facts about Kidney Cancer

Here are some straightforward facts about kidney cancer:

  1. More men than women get kidney cancer.
  2. Smoking increases the risk of kidney cancer.
  3. Being higher weight and having high blood pressure also raise the risk.
  4. Inherited conditions like Von Hippel-Lindau disease can contribute to kidney cancer.
  5. Certain jobs, like those with exposure to cadmium and asbestos, may increase the risk of kidney cancer.

Questions and Answers about Kidney Neoplasms

Q: What does symmetric renal enhancement mean?

A: Symmetric renal enhancement means both kidneys show the same contrast enhancement in imaging tests. It’s usually a good sign, suggesting that the kidneys are working normally.

Q: What is a malignant neoplasm of the kidney except the pelvis?

A: Malignant neoplasm of the kidney, excluding the pelvis, means there’s cancer in the kidney itself, but not in the part where the kidney connects to the ureter (the renal pelvis).

Q: How can a 3cm neoplasm on the kidney treated?

A: Treating a 3cm kidney neoplasm depends on factors like the tumor type, where it is, and the person’s health. A healthcare pro will look at the case and suggest the best treatment, like surgery or targeted therapies.

Q: What is a kidney neoplasm?

A: A kidney neoplasm is an unusual growth or tumor in the kidney. These growths can be non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant), commonly known as kidney cancer.

Q: How is a neoplasm found in kidney?

A: Doctors usually find a kidney neoplasm using scans like CT or MRI when they suspect a kidney problem. These scans give detailed pictures to spot and assess the presence of a neoplasm.

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